There are several types of memory, but for the sake of simplicity, I'll focus on a few key ones:
Short-term memory: This is your ability to keep information in mind for a brief period of time. A common form of short-term memory is working memory, which allows you to remember a chain of numbers or a sequence of information temporarily, like a phone number or a security code.
Medium-term memory: This isn't explicitly defined in our discussion, but it's generally understood to be a transitional stage between short-term and long-term memory.
Long-term memory: This is your ability to commit certain patterns of information, either cognitive or motor, over long periods of time. You could remember this information a day, week, month, or even years later.
Explicit memory: This is a type of memory that you can declare you know, like your name.
Remember, these are broad categories and there's ongoing debate among scientists about the