Best exercises for overall health and longevity


Exercise is widely regarded as one of the most effective methods for promoting health and longevity. Here is a summary of what experts have said about the best exercises for overall health:

  1. Cardiovascular Exercise: Cardio improves heart health and is known to increase lifespan. Activities like running, cycling, and interval training are particularly beneficial. For instance, points out that cardio exercises should be part of a tripartite regimen that includes strength and flexibility to combat aging most effectively. He mentions aerobic fitness is essential and recommends activities that benefit the vo2 max because this efficiently improves metabolic rate and is directly correlated with longer lifespan 1.

  2. Strength Training: Strength training is crucial not just for muscle mass, but also for improving insulin sensitivity and potentially reducing the risk of cancer. It's recommended that strength training exercises be included in your regime as you age to maintain muscle mass and prevent frailty 2 3.

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  3. Flexibility and Mobility Exercises: Incorporating flexibility exercises such as yoga or Pilates helps maintain joint health and mobility, which is crucial as you age. These exercises aid in preventing falls and injuries, which can impact longevity 4.

  4. Minimum Effective Dose: suggests that short durations of intensive exercise can also yield substantial benefits. He discusses that just a small amount of high-intensity exercise, such as sprinting for a few minutes a week, can lead to significant health benefits 5.

  5. Consistency Over Intensity: Consistent, moderate exercise is shown to have great benefits for longevity rather than overdoing it. Regular light to moderate exercise can reduce the risk of various diseases and contribute to longevity 6.

Combining these types of exercises can lead to the best outcomes in terms of health and extending life expectancy. The key is to maintain a balanced approach that includes cardiovascular, strength, and flexibility training, along with ensuring that exercise remains a consistent part of your regimen.


Provide detailed exercise routines for health and longevity.


Here are detailed exercise routines designed to optimize health and longevity:

Cardiovascular and Interval Training

  • Frequency: 3-4 times per week
  • Routine:
    • Warm-up: 8-10 minutes of light stretching and light cardiovascular activity (e.g., brisk walking) 1
    • Main Activity: Alternate between 1-minute sprints and 3-minute moderate-paced running or cycling for a total of 20 minutes. Aim to elevate your heart rate to 80% of your maximal during sprints. 2
    • Cool Down: 5 minutes of slowing down the pace to a gentle jog or walk, followed by stretching focusing on legs and lower back. 1

Strength Training

  • Frequency: 2-3 times per week
  • Routine:
    • Warm-up: 5 minutes of dynamic movements related to the exercises planned (e.g., arm circles, leg swings).
    • Main Activity: Perform sets of exercises targeting major muscle groups. Examples include:
      • Squats or leg presses (3 sets of 10-12 reps)
      • Bench presses or push-ups (3 sets of 10-12 reps)
      • Deadlifts (3 sets of 10-12 reps)
      • Rows or pull-ups (3 sets of 10-12 reps) 3

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    • Cool Down: 5-10 minutes of stretching, focusing on the muscles worked.

Flexibility and Balance

  • Frequency: Daily or as often as training schedules allow
  • Routine:
    • 30 minutes of yoga, Pilates, or tai chi, concentrating on stretching and balancing exercises which enhance muscle control and joint resilience. 4

Mixed Short Interval Workouts

  • Advantageous for Busy Schedules
  • Routine:
    • During the day, utilize opportunities to engage in high-intensity interval training (HIIT) for short durations (10-20 minutes) aiming to integrate it naturally into daily activities. 3

General Guidelines

  • Begin each session with a warm-up to prevent injury and end with a cool-down to promote recovery.
  • Consistently vary your workouts to cover all fitness aspects: cardio, strength, and flexibility.
  • Increase the intensity and duration gradually to avoid overtraining and ensure continual progression.

These routines incorporate the key elements of longevity training as highlighted by —cardio, strength, and flexibility—and are designed to be easily modified depending on age and fitness levels.


what are the best exercises to improve as a basketball player


To enhance your skills as a basketball player, here are recommended exercises focusing on plyometrics, explosiveness, and training specificity as suggested by experts:

Plyometric Drills

  1. Deceleration Squats: Start in a low to mid squat position and practice hard deceleration stops. This prepares your legs for quick stops and changes in direction, which are common in basketball 1.
  2. Drop Squats: Begin on a 6-12 inch box, slowly step down with one leg, and then drop off both feet, catching yourself in a squat. Alternate legs. These drills emphasize deceleration and controlled landing, crucial for plyometric training in basketball 1.

Explosive Movement Training

  1. Controlled Jumping: Include exercises like vertical jumps and lateral bounds to replicate the explosive movements used in basketball. 2
  2. Jump Rope: Short sessions with a jump rope help improve footwork and cardiovascular endurance. 2
  3. Sprint Drills: Use a sled for sprinting to develop speed and explosive power on your forefoot, enhancing your ability to move quickly on the court. 2

Strength and Mobility Workouts

  • Focus on strengthening the kinetic chain, including the feet and calves, to support explosive movements and prevent injuries. Incorporate toe squats and other lower body strengthening exercises 2.


Start with lower intensity and volume to avoid overtraining or injury. Gradually increase the intensity and complexity of the exercises as your body adapts. It’s essential not to recreate an entire basketball experience in workouts to prevent specific muscle strains 2.

These exercises collectively help improve your strength, agility, and explosive power, all of which are critical for excelling in basketball.

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